## Alternatives to pie charts: coxcomb and waffle charts

Packages we will need If we want to convey nuance in the data, sometimes that information is lost if we display many groups in a pie chart. According to Bernard Marr, our brains are used to equal slices when we think of fractions of a whole. When the slices arenâ€™t equal, as often is the … Continue reading Alternatives to pie charts: coxcomb and waffle charts

## Building a dataset for political science analysis in R, PART 2

Packages we will need The main workhorse of this blog is the peacesciencer package by Stephen Miller! The package will create both dyad datasets and state datasets with all sovereign countries. Thank you Mr Miller! There are heaps of options and variables to add. Go to the page to read about them all in detail. … Continue reading Building a dataset for political science analysis in R, PART 2

## Building a dataset for political science analysis in R, PART 1

When you want to create a dataset for large-n political science analysis from scratch, it can get muddled fast. Some tips I have found helpful to create clean data ready for panel data analysis. Click here for PART 2 to create dyad-year and state-year variables with conflict, geographic features and alliance data from Correlates of … Continue reading Building a dataset for political science analysis in R, PART 1

## Compare Irish census years with compareBars and csodata package in R

Packages we will need: First, let’s download population data from the Irish census with the Central Statistics Office (CSO) API package, developed by Conor Crowley. You can search for the data you want to analyse via R or you can go to the CSO website and browse around the site. I prefer looking through the … Continue reading Compare Irish census years with compareBars and csodata package in R

## Graph linear model plots with sjPlots in R

This blog post will look at the plot_model() function from the sjPlot package. This plot can help simply visualise the coefficients in a model. Packages we need: We can look at variables that are related to citizens’ access to public services. This dependent variable measures equal access access to basic public services, such as access … Continue reading Graph linear model plots with sjPlots in R

## Make a timeline graph with dates in ggplot2

We will use the geom_segment layer from ggplot2 to make a timeline graph! This layer takes x and xend for the start of the segment lines y and yend inputs for the end of the segment lines For our timeline, the x will be the start of each Irish Taoiseach’s term. The xend will be … Continue reading Make a timeline graph with dates in ggplot2

## Examining speeches from the UN Security Council Part 1

Let’s look at how many speeches took place at the UN Security Council every year from 1995 until 2019. I want to only look at countries, not organisations. So a quick way to do that is to add a variable to indicate whether the speaker variable has an ISO code. Only countries have ISO codes, … Continue reading Examining speeches from the UN Security Council Part 1

## Improve your visualizations with ggsave in R

When we save our plots and graphs in R, we can use the ggsave() function and specify the type, size and look of the file. We are going to look two features in particular: anti-aliasing lines with the Cairo package and creating transparent backgrounds. Make your graph background transparent First, let’s create a pie chart … Continue reading Improve your visualizations with ggsave in R

## Create a correlation matrix with GGally package in R

We can create very informative correlation matrix graphs with one function. Packages we will need: First, choose some nice hex colors. Next, we can go create a dichotomous factor variable and divide the continuous “freedom from torture scale” variable into either above the median or below the median score. It’s a crude measurement but it … Continue reading Create a correlation matrix with GGally package in R

## Add weights to survey data with survey package in R: Part 2

Click here to read why need to add pspwght and pweight to the ESS data in Part 1. Packages we will need: Click here to learn how to access and download ESS round data for the thirty-ish European countries (depending on the year). So with the essurvey package, I have downloaded and cleaned up the … Continue reading Add weights to survey data with survey package in R: Part 2

## Add circular flags to maps and graphs with ggflags package in R

Packages we will need: Click here to add rectangular flags to graphs and click here to add rectangular flags to MAPS! Apropos of this week’s US news, we are going to graph the number of different or autocoups in South America and display that as both maps and bar charts. According to our pals at … Continue reading Add circular flags to maps and graphs with ggflags package in R

## BBC style graphs with bbplot package in R

Packages we will need: Click here to check out the vignette to read about all the different graphs with which you can use bbplot ! We will look at the Soft Power rankings from Portland Communications. According to Wikipedia, In politics (and particularly in international politics), soft power is the ability to attract and co-opt, … Continue reading BBC style graphs with bbplot package in R

## Add weights to survey data with survey package in R: Part 1

With the European Social Survey (ESS), we will examine the different variables that are related to levels of trust in politicians across Europe in the latest round 9 (conducted in 2018). Click here for Part 2. Click here to learn about downloading ESS data into R with the essurvey package. Packages we will need: The … Continue reading Add weights to survey data with survey package in R: Part 1

## Analyse Pseudo-R2, VIF scores and robust standard errors for generalised linear models in R

This blog post will introduce a simple function from the jtools package that can give us two different pseudo R2 scores, VIF score and robust standard errors for our GLM models in R Packages we need: From the Varieties of Democracy dataset, we can examine the v2regendtype variable, which codes how a country’s governing regime … Continue reading Analyse Pseudo-R2, VIF scores and robust standard errors for generalised linear models in R

## Add rectangular flags to maps in R

We will make a graph to map the different colonial histories of countries in South-East Asia! Click here to add circular flags. Packages we will need: I use the COLDAT Colonial Dates Dataset by Bastien Becker (2020). We will only need the first nine columns in the dataset: Next we will need to turn the … Continue reading Add rectangular flags to maps in R

## Graph countries on the political left right spectrum

In this post, we can compare countries on the left – right political spectrum and graph the trends. In the European Social Survey, they ask respondents to indicate where they place themselves on the political spectrum with this question: “In politics people sometimes talk of ‘left’ and ‘right’. Where would you place yourself on this … Continue reading Graph countries on the political left right spectrum

## Download European Social Survey data with essurvey package in R

The European Social Survey (ESS) measure attitudes in thirty-ish countries (depending on the year) across the European continent. It has been conducted every two years since 2001. The survey consists of a core module and two or more ‘rotating’ modules, on social and public trust; political interest and participation; socio-political orientations; media use; moral, political and … Continue reading Download European Social Survey data with essurvey package in R

## Add rectangular flags to graphs with ggimage package in R

This quick function can add rectangular flags to graphs. Click here to add circular flags with the ggflags package. The data comes from a Wikipedia table on a recent report by OECD’s Overseas Development Aid (ODA) from donor countries in 2019. Click here to read about scraping tables from Wikipedia with the rvest package in … Continue reading Add rectangular flags to graphs with ggimage package in R

## Scrape NATO defense expenditure data from Wikipedia with the rvest package in R

We can all agree that Wikipedia is often our go-to site when we want to get information quick. When we’re doing IR or Poli Sci reesarch, Wikipedia will most likely have the most up-to-date data compared to other databases on the web that can quickly become out of date. So in R, we can scrape … Continue reading Scrape NATO defense expenditure data from Wikipedia with the rvest package in R

## Download WorldBank data with WDI package in R

Use this package to really quickly access all the indicators from the World Bank website. With the WDIsearch() function we can look for the World Bank indicator that measures oil rents as a percentage of a country’s GDP. You can look at the World Bank website and browse all the indicators available. The output is: … Continue reading Download WorldBank data with WDI package in R